Category:
Financial Literacy

ON - Developing a Personalized Financial Plan

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Step One: Track Your Monthly Income and Expenses

  • Keep all pay stubs, bills and receipts for cash purchases to help you figure out what your monthly income and expenses are.

Step Two: Record Your Monthly Income and Expenses

  • List all of your monthly income and expenses.
  • Use a budget worksheet to add up your income and expenses for the last month.
  • If you have certain expenses that are paid annually, divide the number by 12 to determine your monthly cost.
  • Continue tracking your income and expenses in this way every month.

Step Three: Calculate Your Total Money Available

  • Subtract your total monthly expenses from your total monthly income to get your Total Money Available per month. Finally, subtract any loan and credit card payments from your Total Money Available per month to see if you have money left over or not.
  • If you do not have enough income to pay your expenses, you need to look over your budget and see where you could spend less money.

How do I stay on budget?

Be honest and realistic. Spend less than you earn. Make sure you list everything. Set short-term (pay off total credit card balance) and long-term goals (savings).

  • Know the difference between needs and wants. If you do not need to purchase something, consider putting the item back on the shelf.
  • Comparison shop by buying groceries on sale or at less expensive supermarkets. Comparison shop for services, such as phone providers and insurance.
  • Use coupons, and find out which stores give seniors a discount.
  • Use credit cards only for emergencies.
  • Pay off your total credit card balances before the due date each month to avoid paying interest and other fees.
  • Learn to say “no” when kids, relatives, and friends ask for money.
  • Save regularly into a no fee savings account.
  • Update your budget every month. If circumstances change (e.g., change in income), remember to add the changes to your budget.

How can I increase my savings?

  • A standard guideline is to save at least 10% of your pay (e.g., If you make $1,000 a month, try to save $100 from your pay).
  • If you have a lot of debt or if you have high interest debt, concentrate on paying off the debt before trying to save.
  • If your income changes each month, adjust your savings accordingly.
  • Build precautionary and longer-term savings into your monthly budget. Consider putting $10 per week into an account to cover emergencies, unexpected increases in expenses, and declines in income.
  • You might look into setting up an automatic savings program with your bank.
  • Each year, challenge yourself to reach a higher savings goal.

Monthly Budget Worksheets

You should not rely on this pocket tool for financial or legal advice. It provides general information only. NICE is not responsible for any use of the information other than for general educational/informational purposes and no claim can be made against NICE or any of its personnel for any such use.
National Initiative for the Care of the Elderly (NICE)
246 Bloor Street West, Room 234
Toronto, Ontario M5S 1V4, Canada