MAID: Medical assistance in dying

MAID: Medical assistance in dying

Medical assistance in dying (MAID) is a process that allows eligible individuals to be able to receive assistance from a medical practitioner in ending their life.

In Canada, there are 2 methods of medical assistance in dying available.

  1. Clinician-administered medical assistance in dying: where a physician or nurse practitioner directly administers a substance that causes death, such as an injection of a drug.
  2. Self-administered medical assistance in dying: where a physician or nurse practitioner provides or prescribes a drug that the eligible person takes themselves, in order to bring about their own death.

Clinical guidelines and practices outline which drugs to use, and are established by the provinces and territories.

To be eligible for medical assistance in dying, you must meet all the following criteria. You must:

  1. be eligible for health services funded by a province or territory, or the federal government
  2. be at least 18 years old and mentally competent
  3. have a grievous and irremediable medical condition
  4. make a voluntary request for medical assistance in dying
  5. give informed consent to receive medical assistance in dying

To be considered as having a grievous and irremediable medical condition, you must meet all of the following criteria.

You must:

  1. have a serious illness, disease or disability
  2. be in an advanced state of decline that cannot be reversed
  3. experience unbearable physical or mental suffering from your illness, disease, disability or state of decline that cannot be relieved under conditions that you consider acceptable.

If you're experiencing a lot of pain and suffering due to your medical situation, talk to your health professional.

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You should not rely on information tools for medical, financial or legal advice. It provides general information only. NICE is not responsible for any use of the information other than for general educational/informational purposes and no claim can be made against NICE or any of its personnel for any such use.

Last Updated:
June 15, 2024
MAID: Medical assistance in dying

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